The influence of statistical significance and spin on readers’ perception of clinical trial abstracts: a randomized trial

Sofyan Jankowski, Isabelle Boutron & Mike Clarke
Objectives: To assess the influence of a) the reported p-value being above or below 0.05 and b) the presence of spin on readers’ interpretation of the results presented in the abstract for a hypothetical trial. Setting: Health and research students or professionals from universities and health institutions in France and in the UK. Participants: 404 participants blinded to the study hypothesis were randomized to four groups using a 1.1.1.1 ratio, 297 completed the study. Interventions:...
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These counts follow the COUNTER Code of Practice, meaning that Internet robots and repeats within a certain time frame are excluded.
What does this mean?