Relative impacts of gypsy moth outbreaks and insecticide treatments on forest resources and ecosystem: An experimental approach

Benjamin Leroy, Hannes Lemme, Philipp Braumiller, Torben Hilmers, Martin Jacobs, Sophia Hochrein, Sebastian Kienlein, Jörg Müller, Hans Pretzsch, Kilian Stimm, Sebastian Seibold, Jessica Jaworek, W. Andreas Hahn, Stefan Müller-Kroehling & Wolfgang Weisser
Gypsy moth outbreaks cause severe defoliation in Holarctic forests, both in North America where it is invasive, and in its native range in Eurasia. Severe defoliation can hamper timber production and impact ecological communities and processes. Aerial insecticide applications are regularly performed in outbreak areas to mitigate economic losses. These operations can be financially costly and harmful to non-target species and may disrupt species interaction networks. However, replicated studies of the relative impacts of gypsy...
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