What does it mean to be wild? Assessing human influence on the environments of nonhuman primate specimens in museum collections

Andrea Eller, Stephanie Canington, Sana Saiyed, Rita Austin, Courtney Hofman & Sabrina Sholts
Natural history collections are often thought to represent environments in a pristine natural state, free from human intervention – the so-called “wild”. In this study, we aim to assess the level of human influence represented by natural history collections of wild-collected primates over 120 years at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). Our sample consisted of 875 catarrhine primate specimens in NMNH collections, representing 13 genera collected in 39 countries from 1882...
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