Individual recognition and individual identity signals in Polistes fuscatus wasps vary geographically

Elizabeth Tibbetts, Michelle Fearon, Meagan Simons, L. Lacey Knowles, Christian Cely Ortiz & Giorgia Auteri
Geographic variation in animal phenotypes is common, yet we know surprisingly little about how communication varies across populations. Instead, most communication research focuses on one or a few populations and assumes recognition behavior is consistent across a species’ range. Here, we show that individual identity signals and individual recognition vary across the geographic range of Polistes fuscatus wasps. P. fuscatus in MI and NY have variable facial patterns that signal individual identity and are used...
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