Expanding forests in alpine regions lead to a corresponding shift in belowground fungal communities

Synnøve Smebye Botnen, Lea-Rebekka Tonjer, Ella Thoen, Sunil Mundra, Luis Morgado, Line Nybakken, Anders Bryn & Håvard Kauserud
Climate change causes upward shift of forest lines worldwide, with consequences on soil biota and carbon sequestration (C). We here analyse compositional changes in the soil biota across the forest line ecotone, an important transition zone between different ecosystems. We collected soil samples along transects stretching from subalpine mountain birch forests to low-alpine vegetation. Soil fungi and micro-eukaryotes were surveyed using DNA metabarcoding of the 18S and ITS2 markers, while ergosterol was used to quantify...
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