Sex-specific foraging of an apex predator puts females at risk of human-wildlife conflict

Hendrik Schultz, Kevin Chang, Sarah Bury, Anne Gaskett, Todd Dennis, Stefanie Ismar-Rebitz, Ian Southey, Rebecca Hohnhold & Craig Millar
Urbanisation and anthropogenic alteration of ecosystems has led to conflict between humans and wildlife. Such conflict is often observed in apex predators. Although human-wildlife conflict has been extensively studied, male/female differences in behaviour are rarely considered. We investigated male/female differences in foraging behaviour of the predatory/scavenging brown skua Catharacta antarctica lonnbergi breeding on a New Zealand island nature reserve in proximity to farmland. These skuas are subject to culling, when perceived as a threat to...
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