Data from: Non-trophic plant-animal interactions mediate positive density dependence among conspecific saplings

Magdalena Żywiec, Jose M. Fedriani, Przemysław Kurek & Jan Holeksa
Trophic plant-animal interactions (e.g. browsing by ungulates, insect attack) are an important and well-studied source of mortality in many tree populations. Non-trophic tree-animal interactions (e.g. deer antler rubbing) also frequently lead to tree death, and thus have significant effects on forest ecosystem functioning, but they are much less well studied than trophic interactions are. As deer populations have increased in recent decades in the Northern Hemisphere, their impact on tree populations via browsing and antler...
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