Urbanization extends flight phenology and leads to local adaptation of seasonal plasticity in Lepidoptera

Thomas Merckx, Matthew Nielsen, Janne Heliölä, Mikko Kuussaari, Lars Pettersson, Juha Pöyry, Juha Tiainen, Karl Gotthard & Sami Kivelä
Urbanization is globally gaining force and challenges biodiversity but has recently also emerged as an agent of evolutionary change. Seasonal phenology and life-cycle regulation are essential processes that urbanization is likely to alter through both the urban-heat-island effect (UHI) and artificial-light-at-night (ALAN). However, how UHI and ALAN affect the evolution of seasonal adaptations has received little attention. Here, we test for urban evolution of seasonal life-history plasticity, specifically changes in the photoperiodic induction of diapause...
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These counts follow the COUNTER Code of Practice, meaning that Internet robots and repeats within a certain time frame are excluded.
What does this mean?