PERMANOVA results from Principal component analysis of avian hind limb and foot morphometrics and the relationship between ecology and phylogeny

Amanda Falk, James Lamsdell & Enpu Gong
Principal component analysis has been used to test for similarities in ecology and life habit between modern and fossil birds, however, the two main portions of the hindlimb—the foot and the long bone elements—have not been examined separately. We examine the potential links between morphology, ecology, and phylogeny through a synthesis of phylogenetic paleoecological methods and morphospace analysis. Both hindlimb morphologies and species’ ecologies exhibit extreme phylogenetic clumping, although these patterns are at least partially...
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These counts follow the COUNTER Code of Practice, meaning that Internet robots and repeats within a certain time frame are excluded.
What does this mean?