Exposure to urban heavy metal contamination diminishes bumble bee colony growth

Sarah B. Scott, Frances S. Sivakoff & Mary M. Gardiner
As a result of their industrial past, legacy cites often have elevated concentrations of soil heavy metal contamination. Metal pollution can have negative and prolonged ecosystem impacts, and bees that forage in these urban ecosystems are at risk of exposure. Legacy cities are known to support species rich bee communities, which highlights the importance of determining the impact of heavy metal contamination on wild bee health. We examined how oral exposure to concentrations of four...
1 citation reported since publication in 2022.
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