Top-down forcing of an apex predator (Puma concolor) on a suburban ecosystem

Kevin Leempoel, Jordana Meyer, Trevor Hébert, Nicole Nova & Elizabeth Hadly
Absence of apex predators simplifies food chains, leading to degradation of ecosystems and diminution of the services they provide (Estes et al. 2011). However, large predators do not coexist well with humans, which has resulted in a worldwide decline of carnivores and thus, their roles in ecosystem function (Ripple et al. 2014). With diminution of habitat, carnivores are more likely to move into urban landscapes causing conflict with humans and their domesticated animals. In a...
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