Balanced polymorphisms and their divergence in a Heliconius butterfly

James Ogilvie, Steven Van Belleghem, Ryan Range, Riccardo Papa, Owen McMillan, Mathieu Chouteau & Brian Counterman
The evolution of mimicry in similarly defended prey is well described by Müllerian mimicry theory, which predicts the convergence of warning patterns in order to gain the most protection from predators. However, despite this prediction, we can find great diversity of color patterns amongst Müllerian mimics such as Heliconius butterflies in the neotropics. Furthermore, some species have evolved the ability to maintain multiple distinct warning patterns in single populations, a phenomenon known as polymorphic mimicry....
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