Proximity to oil wells in North Dakota does not impact nest success of ducks but lowers nest densities

Kevin Ringelman, Cassandra Skaggs, Charles Loesch, Michael Szymanski, Frank Rohwer & Kaylan Kemink
Over the past decade, the United States has seen a rapid increase in oil and gas extraction from areas where resources were previously thought to be unrecoverable, particularly the Bakken shale formation in North Dakota. The Bakken overlaps with the Prairie Pothole Region, the most critical habitat in North America for breeding ducks, where oil and gas extraction through hydraulic fracturing has the potential to impact more than a million duck pairs in the United...
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These counts follow the COUNTER Code of Practice, meaning that Internet robots and repeats within a certain time frame are excluded.
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