Hunters versus Hunted: New perspectives on the physiological costs of survival at the top of the food chain

Terrie Williams, Mads Peter Heide-Jørgensen, Anthony Pagano & Caleb Bryce
Global biotic and abiotic threats,particularly from pervasive human activities, are progressively pushing large, apex carnivorous mammals into the functional role of mesopredator. Hunters are now becoming the hunted. Despite marked impacts on these animals and the ecosystems in which they live, little is known about the physiological repercussions of this role downgrading from ultimate to penultimate predator. Here we examine how such ecological role reversals alter the physiological processes associated with energy expenditure, and ultimately...
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19 downloads reported since publication in 2020.

These counts follow the COUNTER Code of Practice, meaning that Internet robots and repeats within a certain time frame are excluded.
What does this mean?