Data from: The origins of global biodiversity on land, sea, and freshwater

Cristian Román-Palacios, Daniela Moraga-López & John Wiens
Many biodiversity studies focus on explaining high tropical species richness, but an equally dramatic yet understudied pattern involves the divergent richness of land, sea, and freshwater. Here, we reveal the origins of these richness differences among habitats across animals and plants. Most plant and animal species are terrestrial, although these habitats cover only ~28% of Earth’s surface. Marine habitats have fewer species over a larger area (~70%). Freshwater habitats have relatively high richness and exceptional...
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