Adaptive immune response and resting metabolism are unaffected by manipulation of flight intensity, but negatively related to each other

Amadeusz Bryła, Agata Bury, Jowita Niedojadlo, J. R. Speakman, Edyta Sadowska, Mariusz Cichoń & Ulf Bauchinger
Activation of an immune response (IR) upon exposure to pathogens is crucial to ensure adequate organismal performance and is directly linked to survival. Fitness benefits of the response may be associated with costs in terms of increased energy expenditure and may compete for resources and compromise such fitness benefits. Trade-offs between immune function and other traits relevant for fitness are well documented, however, it remains unknown if such trade-offs are energetically mediated. We manipulated the...
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