Endocrine disruption from plastic pollution and warming interact to increase the energetic cost of growth in a fish

Frank Seebacher, Nicholas Wu & Rubin Alexander
Energetic cost of growth determines how much food-derived energy is needed to produce a given amount of new biomass, and thereby influences energy transduction between trophic levels. Growth and development are regulated by hormones and are therefore sensitive to changes in temperature and environmental endocrine disruption. Here we show that the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A at an environmentally relevant concentration (BPA; 10 µg l⁻¹) decreased fish (Danio rerio) size at 30 oC water temperature. Under...
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