Why and how we should join the shift from significance testing to estimation

Daniel Berner & Valentin Amrhein
A paradigm shift away from null hypothesis significance testing seems in progress. Based on simulations, we illustrate some of the underlying motivations. First, p-values vary strongly from study to study, hence dichotomous inference using significance thresholds is usually unjustified. Second, ‘statistically significant’ results have overestimated effect sizes, a bias declining with increasing statistical power. Third, ‘statistically non-significant’ results have underestimated effect sizes, and this bias gets stronger with higher statistical power. Fourth, the tested statistical...
2 citations reported since publication in 2022.
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