Characterization of Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass Wastes using a Heated Grid Reactor: Nitrogen Chemistry and Reactor Modeling

J. Giuntoli, J. Gout, A.H.M. Verkooijen & W. De Jong
Increasing needs for lowering carbon emissions and diversifying energy supply make biomass residues an important resource for the production of power and heat. In this paper two residues of liquid biofuels production were tested: dry distiller’s grains & solubles (DDGS) and palm kernel cake (PKC). Both these materials present high nitrogen and inorganic content, which could cause issues such as high NOx emissions, slagging and fouling. The fuels were tested in a heated grid reactor...