LCA of Biorefinery Systems: Environmental Impacts, Biogenic C Flows, Allocation Issues and Biodiversity Implications of a Norwegian Wood-Based Concept

F. Cherubini, O. Michelsen & A.H. Strømman
Our strong dependence on fossil fuels results from the intensive use and consumption of fossil energy which, combined with diminishing fossil resources, causes environmental and political concerns. There is clear scientific evidence that emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), arising from fossil fuel combustion and land-use change as a result of human activities, are perturbing the Earth’s climate. Alternative solutions based on renewable energy and...