Evaluating the Suitability of Long-Distance Railway Transportation of Forest Fuels in Finnish Circumstances

O.-J. Korpinen, J. Saranen, E. Jäppinen & T. Ranta
Energy use of biomass increases as EU’s climate policy drives power plants to produce energy from renewable sources. In Finland, the most important renewable biomass sources are wood fuels. Wood fuels can be derived as leftovers from forest industry or forest fuels deriving straight from loggings. Theoretically, the availability of forest fuels exceeds the capacity of power plants. However, the challenge is related to the cost of transporting the biomass to the point of use....