Forest Biomass Supply Logistics Planning for a Commercial-Scale Biorefinery

T. Ranta, O.-J. Korpinen, E. Jäppinen & K. Karttunen
Finnish forest companies aim to produce biodiesel based on the Fischer-Tropsch process from forest residues. This study presents method to evaluate biomass availability and supply costs to the selected biorefinery site. Forest-owners’ willingness to sell, buyers’ market share, and regional competition were taken into account when biomass availability was evaluated. Supply logistics was based either on direct truck transportation deliveries from forest or on railway/waterway transportation via regional terminals. The large biomass need of a...