A Review of the Ecological Impacts of Cultivation of Macro-Algae for Bioenergy

P. Thornley & B. Jones
There is increasing global interest in the prospects of using algae as a source of biomass for energy. One option is utilization of fast­growing kelp or macro­algae that can be either cultivated at sea or harvested from naturally occurring wild sources. This is attractive from a potential energy resource perspective as it allows us to escape the limitations and constraints of terrestrial cultivation. However, experience with terrestrial biofuel systems has shown that it is important...