Why the Areas for Cultivation of Reed Canary Grass and Willow do not Increase in Scandinavia?

T. Lötjönen, M. Finell, E. Aro-Heinilä & K. Pahkala
Reed canary grass and willow are suitable raw materials for CHP-plants and biorefineries. Industrial scale production of these crops already exists in Scandinavia, but production could be expanded. We designed a simple economical model to explore production costs of the crops, which can also be used for sensitive analysis. The production costs of willow were approximately 25% lower than those of reed canary grass. The assumed yield levels greatly influenced production costs. The effects of...