Monitoring Presently Running Small and Medium Scale District Heating Plants and Planning Future Plant Installations on a GIS Offer/Demand Basis: A Study for Tuscany, Italy

L. Nibbi, C. Fagarazzi, A. Tirinnanzi, D. Cipriani, S. Sacchelli, C. Ciampi & L. Casini
Six biomass district heating plants are presently under monitoring in the Tuscany provinces of Pisa, Lucca and Massa Carrara. Monitoring started in October 2010 and will continue until late spring 2012, thus including two winter seasons. The aim of monitoring is to provide the plant managers with a set of suggestions and instructions in order to improve the overall plant efficiency and to optimise the biomass to energy chain. First monitoring results are here presented....