Prospects for the Evolution of Socioeconomic Indicators on the Brazilian Sugarcane and Ethanol Production over Next 20 Years

M.P. Cunha & M.R.L.V. Leal
Since 1975, when the Brazilian national ethanol program (Proalcool) was launched, the crescent share of fuel ethanol as a partial substitute of gasoline has brought significant economic and environmental benefits for the country. Currently, the volume of fuel ethanol consumed in the domestic market already exceeds the volume of gasoline. Some studies indicate that domestic ethanol production to double by 2020, due to the expectations of maintaining price competitiveness of sugarcane ethanol to gasoline, the...