Sustainable Biomass in the Light of Certification and Assessment Schemes

J. Lieback & K. Kapsa
With the introduction of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) within the EU in 2009 there were targets concerning use of renewable energy imposed on all the EU member states to be fulfilled on the national level. These targets in RED and FQD require by 2020: 20 per cent of energy across the EU to be renewable, 10 per cent of energy used in transport to be renewable and a...