The Impact of Policies and Trade Measures on the Development of Global Liquid Biofuel Production and Trade

P. Lamers, C. Hamelinck, M. Junginger & A.P.C. Faaij
Policies aimed to promote biofuels locally had tremendous effects on global market developments across the past decade. This article shows that world biofuel production and trade has grown exponentially: from below 30 PJ in 2000 to 572 PJ in 2009 for biodiesel; from 340 PJ in 2000 to over 1,540 PJ in 2009 for fuel ethanol. The EU has dominated world biodiesel, whereas the US and Brazil have led fuel ethanol production. World net biofuel...