Environmental Pros and Cons of Energy Crops Cultivation in Europe

A.L. Fernando, M.P. Duarte, J. Almeida, S. Boléo & B. Mendes
Energy crops offer ecological advantages over fossil fuels by contributing to reduction of greenhouse gases and acidifying emissions. However, there could be ecological shortcomings related to the intensity of agricultural production. There is a risk of polluting water and air, losing soil quality, enhancing erosion and reducing biodiversity. In the scope of the project Future Crops for Food, Feed, Fiber and Fuel (4F Crops), supported by the European Union, an environmental impact assessment study was...