Bio-Oil Production from Palm Kernel Shell with Microwave Irradiation

Y. Uemura, W.N. Omar, S.B. Razlan, S.B. Yusup & K. Onoe
Various thermal and biological treatment processes have been researched for converting biomass to upgraded gas or liquid fuels. Among them, biomass pyrolysis by microwave heating has become of interest in recent years because of its unique mechanism, but it has not yet been thoroughly studied. In this study, palm kernel shell, one of the typical lignocellulosic biomass residues in Malaysia, was pyrolyzed by microwave heating to produce bio­oil as a target product. The byproducts were...