Fuel Ethanol from Rice Straw: Pretreatment-Hydrolysis-Fermentation

S.R. Tawfik, M. H. Sorour, Abulnour.A.M, Mitry.N.R & Elsangedy.A
This work is concerned with the preparation of fuel ethanol from rice straw as a typical lignocellulosic material produced in enormous quantities at all rice producing countries. In Egypt, about 3 million tons of rice straw is produced annually. Most of these are openly burnt causing severe environmental problems. The approach adopted essentially comprises : pretreatment of washed and shredded rice straw using alkaline and /or acidic methods, hydrolysis using several types of cellulose enzymes...