ECN Torrefaction Technology Heading for Demonstration

F. Verhoeff, J.R. Pels, A.R. Boersma, R.W.R. Zwart & J.H.A. Kiel
The Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) has executed an extensive research and development programme in which the most important aspects of torrefaction and pelletisation were investigated. In this paper, some results of these investigations with different types of biomass (deciduous, herbaceous and coniferous) and interesting waste streams are outlined. ECN’s torrefaction technology comprises of a dedicated (moving-bed) reactor and process design. In the framework of the R&D programme, a 50–100 kg/h pilot plant...