The Potential Impacts of the Initiatives Aiming at the Sustainability of Biofuels on the International Trade

C. Ortolan F. De Oliveira & A. Walter
The consumption of liquid biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel) has increased in recent years but their international trade is still far from being consolidated. One of the main drawbacks for trading have been the trade barriers imposed by the most important markets – the United States and the European Union (EU) – that, in practice, reduce and even eliminate the competitive advantages of some producing countries. In this paper the potential impact of existing sustainability initiatives...