Sustainability of Bio-Energy Crop Production

E.S.C. Stilma, J.R Van Der Schoot, W. Van Dijk & C.L.M. De Visser
Sustainability of biomass production for energy has been debated. Therefore, the Dutch government set sustainability criteria for biomass production. In this paper, a case study is presented in which crop biomass production is tested on a selection of these sustainability criteria. Environmental parameters calculated are ammonia emission, nitrate leaching, soil organic matter balance, and pesticide use. A standard crop rotation for the South East of the Netherlands was set up. Several alternative rotations were set...