Optimal Plant Size and Feedstock Supply Radius: Minimize the Production Costs or Maximize the Profits?

M. Monteleone & A.R.B. Cammerino
The biomass plant size is significantly affected both by negative and positive "economies of scale". As a result, an optimal plant size should be identified and, consequently, an optimal radius of the biomass supply basin should also derived. Negative economies of scale are mostly related to biomass transport costs, while positive economies of scale are observed with respect to plant capital costs, non-fuel operating costs and energy conversion efficiencies. In order to evaluate the economic...