Torrefaction Process of the Phragmites Communis Growing in Soil Contaminated with Cadmium

S. Szufa, B. Z. Romanowska-Duda & M. Grzesik
The research objectives was to deeply investigate a novel biomass pre-treatment technique called torrefaction process of the reed plants cultivated in soil supplemented with salts of cadmium or mixtures of copper, cadmium and lead. The emerged plants were watered once with a tap water and with cadmium salt or mixture of cadmium, cooper and lead solutions at dosages, twice higher than provides Polish standard. Cadmium was applied as Cd(NO3)2•4H2O at dosage of 10 mg Cd...