Assessing the Applicability of Circulating Fluidized Bed Gasification of Five Promising Biomasses for Energy Production Within a Biorefinary: Focus on Agglomeration Issues

C. Christodoulou, E.I. Koytsoumpa, K.D. Panopoulos, S. Karellas & E. Kakaras
Five promising biomass fuels, namely Mischanthus, Cardoon, Jatropha Cake, Sunflower Cake, and Willow were gasified in a 100 kWth atmospheric circulating fluidised bed gasifier (CFBG) using quartz and olivine as bed inventory materials and air as gasification medium. The fuels used were collected across Europe and span different biomass sources i.e. woody materials, residual cakes from first generation biodiesel production, as well as lignocellulosic material. These materials represent potential fuel mixes of a future biorefinary....