Tailor-Made Solid Fuels from Alternative Biomass - Thermal and Chemical Upgrading of Non-Woody Biomass

H. Gerhards, S. H. Freitas Seabra Da Rocha & P. Quicker
The main purpose of this work is to show opportunities for production of pellets and briquettes for low¬ emission combustion of biomass resources, partly containing high concentrations of chlorine and ash melting point decreasing substances, like alkaline metals. Hay and flour mill by-products were thermally and chemically preprocessed to enable the use as fuels in small and middle-sized heating systems, pursuant to the German First Federal Immissions Control Ordinance (1.BImSchV). Biomass leaching, torrefaction and additivation...