Properties of Torrefied Pellets Made of Softwood Forestry Residues

K. Toven, A. Reitan & T. Karlsen
In Scandinavia, the wood processing industry leaves great amounts of forestry residues in the countryside which is utilized to a limited extend due to high logistics costs. Combined torrefaction and pelletizing is a promising technology for obtaining cost¬ effective bioenergy value¬ chains for bulky feedstocks like forestry residues. The technology is close to commercialization however there are still uncertainties about processing, process control and product quality. The aim of this paper is to explore the...