Energy Balance and GHG Emissions of Various Biodiesels: Global Prospects

F. Spina, M.F. Milazzo, G. Ioppolo, R. Salomone & J.C.J. Bart
The biodiesel production has increased in Europe during the period 2008-09 by about 16% and Italy is the 4th European producer country. The EU Fuel Quality Directive imposes to reach a minimum threshold of 10% diesel blending with biodiesel by 2020 and of 25% by 2030; the target is to reduce greenhouse gases emitted by vehicles, considering that biodiesel is a renewable fuel and it can be considered as a fuel of the future. Nevertheless,...