Comparing Costs, Emissions and Emission Abatement Costs for Heat, Power, Fuels and Materials

S.J. Gerssen-Gondelach, B. Wicke & A. Faaij
The increasing demand for biomass will intensify the competition between various applications, including applications for energy and materials. To be able to optimize and develop biomass utilization in a sustainable way, this study reviews the status and prospects of biomass value chains for heat, power, fuels and materials, assesses their current and long term economic and environmental performance, and compares their greenhouse gas abatement costs. At present, the economically and environmentally preferred options to utilize...