The Renewable Energy Directive and Cereal Residues

C. Whittaker & M.C. McManus
The treatment of cereal residues is a contentious issue in greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reporting for biomass and biofuels. Wheat cultivation is highly emission intensive, mainly due to the manufacture and application of nitrogen¬based fertilisers; therefore decisions on allocation can greatly affect both 1st and 2nd generation biofuels. The European Commission's Renewable Energy Directive (RED) currently considers cereal residues to be acquired from soil at a zero GHG ‘cost'. This paper questions this reasoning, by...