Economies of Scale in Forest-Based Biomass Supply Chains from Young Stand Thinnings in Finland

A. Siintola, B. Dahlin & A. Asikainen
Commitments to renewable energy targets oblige Finland to increase its share of renewable energy production to 38% of total energy production by the year 2020. Wood-based energy production is heavily dependent on the wood use of the forest industry, as by-products from paper and sawmills are often used in energy production. Predictions of stagnating or decreasing industrial wood use have motivated the search for wood-based energy sources not directly linked to the industrial wood use...