8.2.3 All Solid State Reference Electrodes

Agata Michalska, Anna Kisiel & Krzysztof Maksymiuk
The important part of electrochemical measuring set up is a reference electrode, which is responsible for assuring constant potential during measurement. In conventional arrangement of reference electrode a liquid phase of concentrated electrolyte plays important role. The requirements for small, disposable electrochemical systems set the necessity of elimination of the liquid phase from its counter parts, including the reference electrode. This task is especially challenging if the potentiometric applications are envisaged, when high stability of...