P1.9.14 Early forest fire detection using Low Energy Hydrogen Sensors

Kai Nörthemann, Michael Dallmer, Werner Moritz, Jan-Eric Bienge, Jürgen Müller, Michael Milstrey & Michael Rothe
Most of the huge forest fires starts in partial combustion. In the beginning of smouldering fire emission of hydrogen in low concentration occurs. Therefore, hydrogen can be used to detect forest fires before open flames are visible and high temperatures are generated. The hydrogen sensor which has been developed is a metal insulator semiconductor (MIS) structure which allows an economical production. Due to the low energy consumption an autarkic working unit in the forest was...