The estimated BC, CO, NH3, NMVOCs, NOx, PM10, PM2.5, and SO2 emissions by each vehicle type, fuel type, and national emission standard in 53 cities in North China Plain. (Unit: tons) To cite the data: Jiang, P., Zhong, X., Li, L., 2020. On-road vehicle emission inventory and its spatio-temporal variations in North China Plain. Environ. Pollut. 267, 115639. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115639.