Arabidopsis DXO1 links RNA turnover and chloroplast function independently of its enzymatic activity

The DXO family of proteins participates in eukaryotic mRNA 5′-end quality control, removal of non-canonical NAD+ cap and maturation of fungal rRNA precursors. In this work, we characterize the Arabidopsis thaliana DXO homolog, DXO1. We demonstrate that the plant-specific modification within the active site negatively affects 5′-end capping surveillance properties of DXO1, but has only a minor impact on its strong deNADding activity. Unexpectedly, catalytic activity does not contribute to striking morphological and molecular aberrations...
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