Genomic data from an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo

M Rasmussen, Y Li, S Lindgreen, JS Pedersen, A Albrechtsen, I Moltke, M Metspalu, E Metspalu, T Kivisild, R Gupta, M Bertalan, K Nielsen, MT Gilbert, Y Wang, M Raghavan, PF Campos, HM Kamp, AS Wilson, A Gledhill, S Tridico, M Bunce, ED Lorenzen, J Binladen, X Guo, J Zhao … & E Willerslev
Available here is the genome of a male individual from an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo culture, the first known group of Homo sapiens to settle in Greenland. The DNA sample was obtained from ~4,000-year-old permafrost-preserved hair, and was shown to have very low modern DNA contamination. The diploid genome was sequenced to an average depth of 20x using Illumina GAII sequencing platforms, with 79% recovery. Correct indexed reads were mapped to the human genome (hg18) with a...