Heavy Chain Only Antibodies: A New Paradigm in Personalized HER2+ Breast Cancer Therapy

Seyed Moein Moghimi, Fatemeh Rahbarizadeh, Davoud Ahmadvand & Ladan Parhamifar
Unlike conventional antibodies, heavy chain only antibodies derived from camel contain a single variable domain (VHH) and two constant domains (CH2 and CH3). Cloned and isolated VHHs possess unique properties that enable them to excel conventional therapeutic antibodies and their smaller antigen-binding fragments in cancer targeting and therapy. VHHs express low immunogenicity, are highly robust and easy to manufacture and have the ability to recognize hidden or uncommon epitopes. We highlight the utility of VHH...