Maternal Body Mass Index, Dietary Intake and Socioeconomic Status: Differential Effects on Breast Milk Zinc, Copper and Iron Content

Leila Nikniaz, Reza Mahdavi, Bahram Pourghassem Gargari, Seyed Jamal Gayemagami & Zeinab Nikniaz
Background: As breast milk micronutrients content are essential for health and growth of the infants, this study was conducted to determine the breast milk zinc, copper and iron concen¬trations and their possible correlations with maternal nutritional status, dietary intakes as well as socioeconomic status. Methods: Breast milk samples and information on maternal anthropometric characteristics and dietary intake were collected from 90 Iranian lactating women with 3 different socioeco¬nomic status who exclusively breastfed their infants. Concentrations...